Content from 2016-04

Creating a project homepage with the SCLP

posted on 2016-04-22 by Daniel "jackdaniel" Kochmański

Introduction

In this short tutorial I'll describe how to bootstrap easily a project website. In fact that's what I did today with the Embeddable Common-Lisp website in order to provide the RSS feed and make putting there the news easier.

Additionally I'm showing here, how to create a standalone executable for coleslaw with clon after providing quicklisp independant bundle of systems.

Quick start

First clone the repository:

$ cd /home/p/ecl
$ git clone https://gitlab.common-lisp.net/dkochmanski/sclp.git website
$ cd website

Now you should adjust the appropriate files. Edit .coleslawrc (file is self-explanatory), static pages and posts.

Each file with the extension *.page is a static page. pages/main.page is an example template with a static page – don't forget to link it in the .coleslawrc's sitenav section. Exact URL of the page is declared in the file's header.

Files named *.post represent blog/news posts which appear in the RSS feed. They are indexed and accessible from the root URL. Supported file formats are markdown, html and cl-who (if enabled).

When you're done, you could just load coleslaw with your favorite CL implementation, using Quicklisp load coleslaw and call the function main on the website directory:

(ql:quickload 'coleslaw)
(coleslaw:main "/home/p/ecl/website/")

We will take more ambitious road – we'll create a standalone executable with a proper command line arguments built from a clean bundle produced by Zach Beane's Quicklisp. CLI arguments will be handled by Clon – the Command-Line Options Nuker, an excellent deployment solution created by Didier Verna.

Creating the bundle

Bundle is a self-containing tree of systems packed with their dependencies. It doesn't require internet access or Quicklisp and is a preferred solution for the application deployment.

Some dependencies aren't correctly detected – Quicklisp can't possibly know, that our plugin will depend on the cl-who system, and it can't detect cl-unicode's requirement during the build phase – flexi-streams (this is probably a bug). We have to mention these systems explicitly.

Clon is added to enable the clonification (keep reading).

(ql:bundle-systems '(coleslaw flexi-streams
                     cl-who cl-fad
                     net.didierverna.clon)
                   :to #P"/tmp/clw")

Clonifying the application

(in-package :cl-user)
(require "asdf")

(load "bundle")
(asdf:load-system :net.didierverna.clon)
(asdf:load-system :coleslaw)
(asdf:load-system :cl-fad)

(use-package :net.didierverna.clon)
(defsynopsis (:postfix "DIR*")
  (text :contents "Application builds websites from provided directories.")
  (flag :short-name "h" :long-name "help"
        :description "Print this help and exit."))

(defun main ()
  "Entry point for our standalone application."
  (make-context)
  (when (getopt :short-name "h")
    (help)
    (exit))
  (print (remainder))
  (handler-case (mapcar
                 #'(lambda (p)
                     (coleslaw:main
                      (cl-fad:pathname-as-directory p)))
                 (remainder))
    (error (c) (format t "Generating website failed:~%~A" c)))
  (terpri)
  (exit))

(dump "coleslaw" main)

You may generate the executable with sbcl and ccl (ecl has some problems with the coleslaw dependency - esrap, I'm working on it). I have used ccl, because it doesn't "derp" on the symbol exit and produces slighly smaller executable than sbcl.

Issue the following in the bundle directory (/tmp/clw):

ccl -n -l clonify.lisp

This command should create native executable named coleslaw in the same directory. On my host ccl produces binary with the approximate size 50M.

Executable usage

This is a very simple executable definition. You may extend it with new arguments, more elaborate help messages, even colors.

To generate a websites with sources in directories /tmp/a and /tmp/b you call it as follows:

./coleslaw /tmp/a /tmp/b

That's all. Deployment destination is set in the .coleslawrc file in each website directory.

Adding GIT hooks

You may configure a post-receive hook for your GIT repository, so your website will be automatically regenerated on each commit. Let's assume, that you have put the coleslaw standalone executable in place accessible with the PATH environment variable. Enter your bare git repository and create the file hooks/post-receive:

cd website.git

cat > hooks/post-receive <<EOF
########## CONFIGURATION VALUES ##########

TMP_GIT_CLONE=$HOME/tmp-my-website/

########## DON'T EDIT ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ##########

if cd `dirname "$0"`/..; then
    GIT_REPO=`pwd`
    cd $OLDPWD || exit 1
else
    exit 1
fi

git clone $GIT_REPO $TMP_GIT_CLONE || exit 1

while read oldrev newrev refname; do
    if [ $refname = "refs/heads/master" ]; then
        echo -e "\n  Master updated. Running coleslaw...\n"
        coleslaw $TMP_GIT_CLONE
    fi
done

rm -rf $TMP_GIT_CLONE
exit
EOF

That's all. Now, when you push to the master branch your website will be regenerated. By default .gitignore file lists directory static/files as ignored to avoid keeping binary files in the repository. If you copy something to the static directory you will have to run coleslaw by hand.

Conclusion

Coleslaw is a very nice project simplifying managing project website with easy bootstrapping the site without any need to maintain working lisp process on the server (this is static content which may be served with nginx or apache) and allowing easy blogging (write a post in markdown and push to the repository).

Sample Common-Lisp Project is a pre-configured website definition with a theme inspired by the common-lisp.net projects themes with some nice features, like RSS feed and blog engine (thanks to coleslaw).

We have described the process of creating a simple website, creating a standalone executable (which may be shared by various users) and chaining it with git hooks.

References

View content from 2017-12, 2017-09, 2016-05, 2016-04